FNAC with Procedure Test

What is FNAC?

Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is used to take cells from palpable nodules in organs or tissues. The purpose of this examination is to categorise the type of lesion responsible for its occurrence.

How is FNAC performed?

Cells are harvested by aspiration, using a thin needle attached to a syringe and placed in a special handle, making it easier to manoeuvre.

FNAC is performed by an anatomical pathologist assisted by an anatomical pathology technician. It is ideally done with the patient lying down and does not require anaesthetic. In some cases, a topical anaesthetic spray may be used.

The test is very straightforward. Most patients experience only mild discomfort, comparable to an injection, during the procedure.

In what situations is a FNAC carried out?

It is always for the doctor to decide whether there is a need for a particular test, depending on the individual characteristics of each patient and their specific complaints or illness.

Generally, any palpable nodule can be subjected to aspiration cytology, as long as its size and location makes the procedure viable. The aim of this procedure is to make a diagnosis and provide guidance on treatment.

How long does a FNAC take?

A FNAC takes only a few minutes to carry out. A single puncture is usually enough to harvest sufficient material for analysis, but in some cases two or more punctures may be necessary. A brief assessment of the sample is carried out during the procedure, but in some cases more cells may need to be obtained in order to reach a diagnostic conclusion.