Urine Routine Test

What is this test?

This test helps to diagnose kidney diseases, liver diseases, urinary tract infections, yeast infections, viral infections, parasitic infections, prostate infections, reactions to certain medicines, or cancers, etc.

What is urine?

Urine is a waste product produced by kidneys. Kidneys help in filtering the wastes from the blood and in regulating the water quantity in the body. Kidneys also regulate the balance of electrolytes, proteins, and other compounds in the body. The unwanted waste is eliminated through urine, which comes from kidneys through ureters into the bladder and then to the urethra.

Why this test is performed?

Microscopic urinalysis test is used to detect urinary tract infections, blood cells, bacteria, parasites, crystals, cells from tumors, etc, in the urine. This test is performed by taking a sample and examining it under the microscope. This test is used alongside other tests to add supportive evidence for the diagnosis. The other tests include testing for glucose, bilirubin, protein, checking the color and odor of urine, measuring the solid substances level in the urine, and checking the acid levels in the urine, etc. This test is also performed as a part of a regular health check-up such as during pregnancy, pre-surgery, or during hospital admission, etc.

This test may be recommended to you if experience symptoms like back pain, abdominal pain, pain while urinating, frequent urination, or urgency to urinate, etc.

Pathology test parameters:

• Epithelial cells
• Pus cells
• Casts
• Crystals
• Others


Some medicines like ampicillin, cyclosporine, sulfamethoxazole, cisplatin, acetaminophen overdose, an overdose of salicylate, etc, may interfere with your test results. The results are also disturbed due to dyes used in imaging tests, menstrual blood, vaginal medicines, seizures, stroke, or alcoholism, etc.

Also known as Routine Urine Analysis Microscopy.