Stool Routine Test

What is this test?

This test is used to analyze the stool and helps to find the abnormalities in the body. This test helps to find the presence of pus cells, red blood cells, macrophages, protozoal parasites, helminthic ova in the stool. It also evaluates the color, form, and consistency of the stool.

For this test, you need to collect the sample of the stool using laxative gloves or plastic wrap. After collecting the sample, place it in a clean container and seal it. Then submit the container in a clinic or laboratory as instructed by the doctor.

Why this test is performed?

This test is recommended by the doctor if an individual is suffering from intestinal infections which are caused by parasites, bacteria, and viruses like Entamoeba histolytica, Ascaris, E.coli, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Clostridium, Rotaviruses etc. In any case, symptoms like persistent abdominal pain, frequent diarrhea, vomiting, fever, bleeding inside the intestine, malabsorption of sugars, fats and nutrients, headache are seen in an individual then the doctor may ask to undergo this test. This test is performed in order to check whether you are taking the required amount of medications to kill and eliminate the parasites or bacteria or viruses which caused the intestinal infections.

Generally, if an individual is diagnosed with an intestinal infection and on treatment, then the doctor may recommend this test to evaluate the presence of the parasites and its egg in the stool and the effectiveness of the treatment.

If you have been diagnosed with an intestinal infection by a bacteria or virus or parasite, then your doctor may advise you to undergo this test once every 1 or 2 months to once a year based on your clinical condition.

Stool Analysis test has the following parameters

• Color
• Form and Consistency
• Reaction
• Charcot-Leyden crystals
• Pus cells
• Red Blood Cells RBC
• Macrophages
• Protozoal parasites
• Helminthic ova or eggs
• Other observations


Drugs such as laxatives, antidiarrheal medications, antibiotics etc. may affect the results of this test. Hence, all medications should be reported to the doctor before undergoing this test.

Also known as Stool Analysis.